The USPF had its beginnings in the early 1970’s and is the oldest United States Powerlifting Federation devoted to only powerlifting. It is also keeping up the same high standards in powerlifting, regarding the rules as well as in judging.
Powerlifting is a strength sport. The athletes attempt to lift a weight loaded barbell in a single lift. There are three ways to attempt the lift of the weighted barbell, Squat, Bench press and Deadlift. Each competitor gets three to four attempts on each Squat, Bench press or Deadlift.
Lifts can be performed equipped or unequipped. Equipped or unequipped are distinguished by the supportive equipment used. Supportive equipment can include shirts, briefs, suits and sometimes knee wraps. Materials that store elastic potential energy are used to make these supportive articles of clothing. The ‘Unequipped’ or ‘raw’ divisions in Powerlifting are not allowed to wear Supportive equipment.
Supportive equipment is used to increase the weight that can be lifted during powerlifting exercises. Experts claim that supportive equipment prevents injuries through stabilising the joints over which it is worn. And, then again, critics point out that the greater weights used when wearing this equipment might compromise safety.
Competitions in Powerlifting take place all across the world but are very popular in the United States, where the sport has a large support. The United States Powerlifting Federation’s purpose and main objectives are in the encouraging, improvement and promotion of powerlifting in the United States.
The Rules, Regulations, Classes and Categories in United States Powerlifting Competitions
Powerlifting has its roots in the traditions of strength training, going back as far as ancient Greek and Roman times.
Rules and Regulations:
Squat; The lift starts with the competitor standing erect with the weight loaded bar resting on the shoulders. At the referee’s command, the lifter bends the knees and drop to a squatting position. The competitor then returns to an erect position. At the referee’s command, the bar is returned to the rack and the lift complete.
Bench Press; The competitor starts with his or hers back resting on the bench. Taking the loaded bar at arm’s length, he or she then lowers the bar to the chest. When the bar rest motionless on the chest, the referee will give a press command. When the referee calls ‘Rack’, the lift is completed and the weight returned to the rack.
Deadlift; The loaded bar is resting on the platform floor. The competitor grasps the bar and pulls it off the floor to assume an erect position. The knees are locked and the shoulders back. At the referee’s command, the bar will be returned to the floor by the lifter.
Cause for disqualification:
- When Failure to observe the head referee’s signals to the competitor occurs.
- Double bouncing or more than one attempt to recover after a lift.
- Failure to assume the correct position at commencement and completion of a lift.
- Contact with the bar by the spotters or contact with any part of the body that is not allowed throughout the performing of each different lift.
Classes and Categories:
Men: 52kg, 56kg, 60kg, 67,5kg, 75kg, 82.5kg, 90kg, 100kg, 110kg, 125kg, 140kg, 140kg+
Women: 44kg, 48kg, 52kg, 56kg, 60kg, 67,5kg, 75kg, 82,5kg, 90kg, 90kg+
15-18(Sub-Jr.), 19-23(Jr.), Any Age (Open), 40+ (Masters), 70+ (Grandmasters)
Powerlifters practice weight training to improve performance. Aerobic exercise may be used to improve endurance.